Tonle Sap Lake in Cambodia is the most prominent part of the nation's landscape. The shape of this lake is similar to that of a dumbbell. Tonle Sap Lake in Cambodia is the biggest source of natural freshwater in the entire continent of Asia.
Considering its huge ecological importance, Tonle Sap Lake has been identified as an UNESCO biosphere in the year 1997.
Tonle Sap River serves as a connector between the Mekong River and the Tonle Sap Lake in Cambodia . Tonle Sap Lake of Cambodia stretches over an area of 12,000 square kilometers. However size of this lake varies with changes in seasons. During the dry seasons, the size of the Tonle Sap Lake at Cambodia reduces to 2,500 square kilometers. During the rainy season, as the water level rises, the excess water from the Mekong River flows towards the Tonle Sap Lake and the area of the lake far exceeds its normal size. Following the flood, the adjacent fertile plain provides an ideal base for fish breeding.
The locality around the Tonle Sap Lake is also well known for its natural bio diversity. With its high nutrient content and yearly sedimentation from the Mekong River, the immediate neighborhood of the Tonle Sap Lake serves as one of the most fertile inland fisheries in the entire world. The fish production of this region meets around 60 percent of the total protein consumption in the Kingdom of Cambodia.
Mangrove forests encircle the Tonle Sap Lake. If you are looking for a serene escape in the lap of nature, the Tonle Sap Lake in Cambodia and the jungle covered surroundings can be your ideal destination. The mangrove forest houses over 100 species of water birds. For the wildlife enthusiasts, the jungle offers numerous rare varieties of turtles, crocodiles, otter and many other endangered animals.
With its substantial ecological and biological diversity, Tonle Sap Lake constitutes one of the most coveted Cambodia tourist attractions